Glossary Terms

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ACL

Access Control List – ACL’s are used to specify who has access to what resources. Typically they are applied at either the network or file system level. Example: A network ACL may specify that users on the 10.1.1.0/24 subnet has access to NFS Shares on server1 whereas a file system ACL may specify that user1 can read and execute the files in folder1, but cannot delete the files.


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Active Directory

A Database integrated into Microsoft Windows Domain controllers used for tracking and authenticating User and Computer accounts on a Network. Active Directory also tracks Configuration and Identity Information for Users, Computers and Applications within a given Domain.


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Branch Prediction

Branch Prediction is where the process tries to guess which branch of an if-else branch that the process will need to take, before it is 100% sure which direction it will have to take.


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CIFS

Common Internet File System Also Known as Windows Share or SMB


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Console Monitor System

CMS stands for Console Monitor System. CMS was a small single-user operating system designed to be interactive


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FCOE

Fiber Channel Over Ethernet. A method of sending Fiber Channel commands over an Ethernet Network. with FCOE the Fiber Channel calls are wrapped in TCP Packets.


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HBA

Host Bus Adapter. Used for connecting computer to SAN based Storage


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Hyper-V

Software Created by Microsoft to server as a host for Virtual Machines


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IOPS

Input Output per Second (A measurement of hard disk or SAN performance)


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iSCSI

iSCSI also known as Internet SCSI is a method of connecting your server to your storage device. iSCSI encapsulates SCSI commands into TCP packets, then transmits them over the network to your storage devic